I have a horticultural background. In nature you find ecosystems (nothing lives alone by itself). In those ecosystems you find things that are not closely connected in time or space can affect each other. Change one thing, you affect something else. The same is true in business.
I was asked to coach a new executive at a troubled company. Six months earlier he implemented initiatives designed to cut costs as sales were starting to decline. In an attempt to get ahead of the curve, he looked at ‘excess’ inventory, deciding to cut there first. Two months passes. Production began to experience unexpected delays, salesmen had to make excuses. A couple months later, corners were cut to met quotas, service call ran higher and customers complained about delays. Sales dropped again. Each time they ‘fixed’ an issue with a ‘good decision’, another issue cropped up—each worse than the one before.